For example, romantic partners desire to be close to one another.
Adults feel comforted when their attachments are present and anxious or lonely when they are absent.
Four main styles of attachment have been identified in adults: Investigators have explored the organization and the stability of mental working models that underlie these attachment styles.
They have also explored how attachment impacts relationship outcomes and how attachment functions in relationship dynamics.
Little work has focused, however, on late adolescent dating relationships or community samples.
Interpersonal situations, particularly close relationships, can be considered the central context in which personality expresses itself in our daily lives (Robins et al., 2002). Psychosocial correlates of interpersonal sensitivity: a meta-analysis.
These findings highlight the role of openness in emerging adults’ romantic relationships from a dyadic angle.
Emerging adulthood is proposed to be a new conception of development for the period from the late teens through the twenties, with a focus on ages 18–25 (Arnett, 2000), when most people begin to move toward making the commitments that structure adult life: marriage, parenthood, and a long-term job (Arnett, 2004). Personality and intimate partner aggression in dating relationships: the role of the “Big Five”.
Then, in the late 1980s, Cindy Hazan and Phillip Shaver applied attachment theory to adult relationships.
Hazan and Shaver noticed that interactions between adults shared similarities to interactions between children and caregivers.